Water and Sea Birds

Great Blue Heron Chickadee

Piping Plover

130A Piping Plover

These are a resident plover of the Atlantic and Gulf beaches. In the northern plains they also inhabit dry lake beds with accumulated salts (called alkali flats). The coastal population has been inpacted from the human use of beaches which makes breeding difficult in many places and the species is considered endangered.

Semipalmated Plover

130B Semipalmated Plover

These plovers breed in northern Canada and Alaska and they winter along both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts including the Gulf. They are a common plover on the beaches in the winter months.

Red Knot

132A Red Knot

An Arctic breeder with a very long migration route to southern South America. Migration flows along the East coast with important stop overs were the birds can be seen in abundance. One of the most important is the Delaware Bay in late spring which coincides with the spawning of horseshoe crabs. The eggs are a vital resource for the migrating birds. Not all populations make long trip to the southern hemisphere. There is one group that winters on Florida's Gulf Coast.

American Oystecatcher

132B Oystercatcher

Mostly resides in eastern and gulf coastal habitats including beaches and estruaries.

Clapper Rail

133 Clapper Rail

A common bird that inhabits the marsh grass, or mangrove to the south, in Eastern and Gulf Coast estuaries.

Great Blue Heron

134B Great Blue Heron

Seen year round through much of the US and breeding well into Canada. Common where ever suitable habitat is found which is always tied to water from marshy sloughs to shore lines.


134G Green Heron

Summers and breeds from the plains east to the Atlantic Coast and also in the Pacifict Coastal region. They can be seen year round in Florida and in California. They live in swamps and wetlands as well as vegetated shorelines.

Great Egret

135 Great Egret

Their range is along the Atlantic and California Coastal regions although they inhabit both salt and freshwater wetlands. There are breeding populations in the midwest as well.

Roseate spoonbill

136 Roseate Spoonbill

They range throughout South Florida and along the Texas Gulf Coast into Louisiana.

Black skimmer

137 Black Skimmer

They inhabit coastal estuaries along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. They like calm intracoastal water were they can skim the surface for fish.

Roseate Tern

137B Roseate Tern

They have longer tail streamers than other terns and their distribution on the East Coast is disjuncted. You will find them on the New England coast and then again far south in the Florida Keys.


138A American Avocet

Avocets winter in places along the East, Gulf, and California Coasts. Their breeding areas are tied to shallow marshes and river flood plains of the interior western states and provinces.

Black-necked Stilt

138B Black-Necked Stilt

Distribution similar to American Avocents, shorelines of east and western estuaries and western marshes.

Brown Pelican (Eastern)

140 Brown Pelican

These Pelicans live along the shores and waterways of the Atlantic from Maryland south and around the Gulf Coast as well as the southern coastline of California. The need open water where they can dive for fish.

White Pelican

140W White Pelican

Summers and breeds on interior lakes of the north west and winters on lakes further south and along western and gulf coasts.

Trumpeter Swan

143 Trumpeter Swan

Breeding populations, some recently re-established, in the northern Mid West and Western States and Canada and into Alaska. The Alaska population winter in British Columbia while the more eastern populations tend to move less seasonally.

Mallard Duck

145 Mallard

The distribution of this duck extends though out North America. It is the wild duck most likely to be found in the local duck pond but they are a wilderness animal as well.

Northern Shoveler

146 Northern Shoveler

A distinct duck with its oversize bill. They summer in ponds and open water wetlands mostly to the west and northwest. In winter the population shifts south to likewise habitat all across the southern states.

Read Head Duck

147 Redhead (duck)

Redheads have a wide distribution across North America through they prefer remote areas compared to the Mallard. Their breeding range is primary from the north Mid West and Western states up into Canada While their migration pulls them south and east into all regions.

Wood Duck

149 Wood Duck

A shy duck enhabiting isolated woodland ponds and lakes found through much of North America given the right habitat.


151 Common Loon

These loon's summer on lakes and ponds in the far north, most all of Canada and the very north parts of the US. Upon migration they leave their freshwater lakes and spread out all along the Pacific and Atlantic seaboards where they become marine birds living just off shore.


179 Osprey

An iconic year round resident of Florida. In addition, osprey are known to nest along the eastern coastal estuaries, the northwest and through out Canada with its abundant lakes and waterways. Osprey use inland lakes and water ways as well and have expanded their range sporadically to most of the interior states as well.

Emperor Penguin

185 Emperor Penguin

An Antarctic species.

Atlantic Puffin

186 Atlantic Puffin

These cute little sea birds nest on some of the near shore islands of Maine and Maritime Canada.

Belted Kingfisher

270 Belted Kingfisher

These Kingfishers winter and reside year round through out the United States and breed far up into Canada and Alaska. They are likely to be wintering only in South Florida and the Southwest US. In spite of their wide distribution their actual occurrence depends on the availability of water bodies to feed on and for breeding they need a steep bank or hill side to create a burrow for a nest.


280 Frigatebird

Common in the sky's around the Florida Keys. There is a nesting colony just west of Key West. Frigatebirds live on the wing over sub-tropical and tropical oceans.